Monday, April 22, 2019

Riddles vs Puzzles

What is the difference between a riddle and a puzzle? 

I was asked this question at a recent workshop and, I have to admit, it did make me stop and think if there really was a difference.  I knew that puzzles were brain teasers, and so too, I thought were riddles. 

And then, I typed the question into to my go-to search engine:  'what is a riddle' (sorry, I did not use punctuation).  As results would have it, the definition was the first thing to show up. :)  I learned that a riddle is a verbal puzzle.  A verbal puzzle is when either a statement/question is made/asked of others and they have to guess the answer.  On the one hand riddles are puzzles.  On the other hand, riddles could be considered a sub-category of puzzles. Guess what new category is on my list of things to add to my ever growing list of puzzles?! :) 

Here are some examples of verbal riddles*: 

l. What goes up the chimney down, but can't go down the chimney up? 
2. If a rooster sits on the top of the roof, on what side does the egg roll down? 
3.  In riddle poem form: 
"As I was going to St. Ives, 
I met a man with 7 wives.
The 7 wives had 7 cats,
The 7 cats had 7 kits. 
How many were going to St. Ives?"

How many times have you seen a child's riddle poem, such as #3 above, illustrated?   I wonder how many kid's books there are that include riddles like this, but we never thought of them like this before?  Must look into that! :) 

Here are some examples of puzzles:

math word search puzzle geometry
Geometry Vocabulary Word
Search Puzzle

crossword puzzle
Math Words Freeform
Crossword Puzzle

extreme sudoku puzzle
Samurai Sudoku Puzzle

Structurally, these three types of puzzles look different. But, they share many characteristics. 

  • These puzzles use some form of logic in order to solve them. 
  • All puzzles use some form of the process of elimination. 
  • They activate problem solving skills. 
  • Puzzles help support both fine motor skill development and visual acuity. 

Next Steps

A next step for us is to explore riddles and create a blog post exclusively dedicated to these types of puzzles.

Next Planned Blog Post

Teaching Ideas Using Puzzles


What are your favorite types of brain teasers to solve? 

~ Riddles? 
~ Puzzles?   

Feel free to respond in the comments section below.

*see next post for answers

Thursday, February 28, 2019

How To Solve Puzzles Easily

Solving Puzzles Easily - Part 1

Answers to the Rebus puzzles from the previous blog post (How Many Puzzles Do You Know) can by found at the end of this post.

Are you puzzled by how to solve a puzzle?  With the myriad of mind teasers available (not including jigsaw puzzles), different brain teaser puzzles require different strategies.

For example:
  1. Crossword puzzles usually require general knowledge, or in some cases, very specific knowledge (e.g. Educator crossword puzzles used to assess content knowledge);
  2. Cryptogram and cryptolist puzzles require knowledge of letter patterns, word patterns and theme words (cryptolists);
  3. Sudoku puzzles mostly use logical reasoning skills;
  4. Logic puzzles require understanding of sequencing, deductive and/or inductive reasoning skills;
  5. Picture puzzles requiring the puzzle solver to discover the differences require visual acuity to look for patterns within the picture. 
Let's start by solving crossword puzzles!

How To Solve A Crossword Puzzle

This blog post focuses on solving crossword puzzles. Later posts will examine solving other puzzle types.

Some Basics

Crossword puzzles vary in complexity, publisher, print vs online, downloadable for print, and/or collections of crossword puzzles for purchase (found in most retail outlets, dollar stores, Walmart, corner stores).

At times you might feel like you are trying to learn another language, but with time and practice, you will become more familiar with the clue/answer patterns. And, you learn vocabulary along the way.

Here are some basics to help solve some of those crossword puzzles that you have been avoiding!

Use A Pencil - If solving the crossword puzzle on paper, then use a pencil. It's easier to change the answer, if you need to change your mind.

Stay With Same Publisher - Try sticking with the same publisher, or cruiciverbalist, at least in the beginning, because you tend to become familiar with the style and use of the favorite words (e.g. aerie, aglet, pawl) the more puzzles you complete.

Don't Always Start at the Top! - You don't always have to start in the upper left hand corner, at the number 1 blank box. Most often it's easier to answer clues for which you know the answer.

Fill-In-The-Blanks - Scan the Across and Down clues for 'fill-in-the-blank' clues.  They are easy to spot in the list and a good place to get a firm start at solving the brain teaser.

3-, 4-, 5-letter Clues - Look for the 3-, 4- and 5- letter clues as a starting point to solve the crossword.  This helps jump start other answers  since some of the blanks will now be filled with letters from the shorter words.  Keep in mind that you might not always see these words on a regular basis, but at the same time they are used frequently in multiple puzzles by the puzzle maker. Check out Crosswordese site for more information.

Look For A Theme - Review the clues to see if there is a theme that runs through the puzzle.

Clues and Answers Have the Same Form- Be aware of word structure and verb tense when solving for clues. For example: if the clue is a verb, then the answer will be a verb; if the clue has an abbreviation, then the answer will be an abbreviation; if the clue is plural, then the answer will be plural (so, add an 's' at the end of the word).

Questions Marks - Watch for question marks!  It often means that the answer is not what you first think of. For example:  Flower? (ANS might be river, stream, drain (water flows, so it is a flow-er).

Multiple Words - Answer might have more than one word in the answer.  For example: clue might be everyone, and the answer could be et al.

Answers to Puzzles in 'How Many Puzzles Do You Know' Post?

1. Reading between the lines
2. Panic button.
3. Strong undertow.

Next Steps

A next step for you, our readers, might be to start solving crossword puzzles using some of the above suggestions.  If you already use most of them, then try a more challenging puzzle. 

A next step for us is to continue to explore how to easily solve puzzles of other varieties. 

Next Planned Blog Post

Riddles vs Puzzles


What strategies to you use to help solve puzzles?

Feel free to share your comments below.


Monday, February 4, 2019

How Many Puzzle Types Do You Know?

Puzzle Types-Part 1

You know what you love, right?  You love word search puzzles, crossword puzzles, Sudoku* puzzles, mazes, find the differences, jumbled puzzles, Kakuro, ciphers, and a list of other puzzles to numerous to mention.  Who doesn't love those mind teasers?! I guess we assume that everyone loves what we love when it comes to puzzles. 

With so many puzzles out there, let's try to organize them. Perhaps, we can gain some insight into why people like certain types of puzzles over others.

One popular puzzle company, PennyPress, offers puzzles that can keep you busy for a very long time.  My favorite is the Puzzler's Giant Book of WORD GAMES. 

Giant Book of Word Games
PennyPress - Giant Book of Word Games
This giant book of multiple categories of puzzles take the puzzler through pages and pages of brain teasers that make the head spin!  For the many years that I have enjoyed the challenge of a puzzle, there are so many in this book that I do not recognize.  Unfortunately, I usually avoid those ones. However, there are other puzzles that I am addicted to!  And those puzzles are the codeword and cryptogram puzzles.

But, let's not get ahead of ourselves, here.  It almost feels like I am going down another rabbit hole. So, to pull back and get organized, let's start with organizing puzzles into 4 basic and general categories: 
  1. word based puzzles (similar to word searches/find a word/word seek, crossword puzzles and cryptograms)
  2. picture, or image based puzzles (like rebuses and mazes)
  3. logic puzzles (examples include riddles)
  4. number based puzzles (like Sudoku)

Word Based Puzzles

This category of puzzle is based on using language, or words, to create puzzles.  

Word Search Puzzles

The basic word search puzzle includes a list of words that puzzle solvers need to locate in the grid. The grid is made up of the words that go, usually, vertically, horizontally, diagonally and in all 8 directions.  This increases the challenge! Any left over spaces are filled in randomly with the 26 letters of the alphabet.  The level of difficulty is based on number of words to find and the size of the grid.  

word seek puzzle
Grade 1 Dolch Words
The above word search puzzle is an example of an easy puzzle, geared towards students learning the basic Dolch word list for Grade 1.  This contrasts the more complex topic and grid size of the Periodic Table of Elements Word Search Puzzle below:

table of elements word search
Periodic Table Word Search Puzzle 

Crossword Puzzles

These puzzles include a grid where answers to clues are filled in.  Clues can be as direct (1st President of the USA) or obtuse (puns, idioms, cryptic) as the crossword puzzle maker (cruciverbalist) wishes to make them.

elements crossword puzzle
Periodic Table Crossword Puzzle

My experience with some crossword puzzles is that it requires a general level of knowledge from a variety of topics.  Other crossword puzzles can be theme specific like the images above.  Educators enjoy using crossword puzzles as an evaluation tool to assess students' knowledge and understanding of a topic.


Cryptogram puzzles were one of my favorites as a kid.  But, recently I discovered Cryptolists!  These puzzles are similar to cryptograms, but are a list of words with the encrypted alphabet code. 

cryptic puzzle fathers day
Father's Day Cryptolist Puzzle
To solve this cryptolist mind teaser, each letter needs to be decoded with another letter of the alphabet. Usually, there is a table to track these letter substitutions.  These puzzles tend to be more challenging, especially if there are no letter hints given.

Cryptolists contrast cryptograms, which are usually quotes, or comments with an encrypted alphabet code.

What is helpful when solving cryptograms is that we are familiar with letter patterns, word patterns, as well as how oral language is put together.  This base knowledge, combined with the topic or heading, help with the deciphering of the cryptogram. 

Picture Based Puzzles

Image based puzzles are great fun, and a break from the heady work needed to solve some crossword and cryptic puzzles. 


Mazes are puzzles that require the solver to find (from the entrance of the maze) and trace a path through a series of  branching and non-branching routes until the goal is reached (exit or 'basket of Easter eggs' image).   

rabbit maze puzzle
Easter Maze Puzzle

While the above maze is geared towards kids and Easter, adults love them too! 

And, to contrast Pi, at least this puzzle has an END! 

Rebus Puzzles

This is another favorite puzzle of mine.  It combines images and words to create a story.  It is a great way to get kids learning about the picture word connections as they learn to read.  A more challenging form of this, in my view, are the mind teasers that use puns, expressions, plays on words, images, and symbols to create the puzzle.  Some people call these Wackie Wordies!  I briefly introduced them in my earlier post, here. You will need to scroll down to find examples of these Wackie Wordies. 

Here is a short rebus. 

brain teaser puzzle
SOLVE The Puzzle

Logic Puzzles

Logic puzzles come in many forms. Let's look at one type, the riddle.


Here are some examples to jump start your journey: 
  1. What goes up the chimney down, but cannot go down the chimney up?
  2. A rooster is sitting at the peak of a roof.  On what side of the roof does the egg roll down?
  3. What is something that belongs to you, but everybody else uses?

Number Based Puzzles

Puzzles need to include the mathematical side of life, too!  Number based puzzles tend to include any puzzle that has numbers in it.
  1. Sudoku*
  2. Kakuro
  3. KenKen*
  4. Calcudoku
  5. Mathdoku
Each variety has its own characteristics and levels of difficulty. For a myriad of choices, check out KrazyDad's website:

Next Steps

Now that I have somewhat organized puzzles into general categories, it still remains incomplete.  Look to the future and another blog post: Puzzle Types - Part 2

Next planned blog post

How To Solve Puzzles Easily
Answers to the Rebus and Riddles


Do you prefer language based or number based puzzles?  What might be the reason why we choose one puzzle type over another?

Leave your answer in the comments section below.


*any registered trademarks have their (R) implied in blog posts.

Friday, February 1, 2019

What Is A Puzzle?

Such a simple question. But, is it really?  Ask 10 people, and I am sure that there will be 10 answers; all variations on a theme.


What's In a Definition?

According to a puzzle is defined as,

"a toy, problem, or other contrivance designed to amuse by presenting difficulties to be solved by ingenuity or patient effort."

The first thing that comes to mind when I read this definition is all the jigsaw puzzles that I loved to do as a kid, and continue to be a source of delight and challenge to many. Completing jigsaw puzzles certainly require ingenuity (problem solve a strategy to complete the picture in the least amount of time) and patient effort to complete.  Especially, if the puzzle is a two-sized puzzle! 

The other thought that comes to mind is the myriad of logic puzzles, picture puzzles, mazes and challenges to the brain that I loved to solve, and continue loving to solve. 

Then, I learned another definition for puzzle.

Scott Kim's TED talk provides another perspective for puzzle:

"A puzzle is a problem that is fun to solve and has a right answer. Fun to solve, as opposed to everyday problems; has a right answer, as opposed to toys and games. By toy, [he] means something you play with that doesn't have a particular goal..."

To help understand the definition, let's use the crossword puzzle.

Crossword puzzles are:
  1. fun to solve
  2. there is one right answer, and 
  3. it's not a toy or game like a game of darts, or toy like a doll or Lego(R)

Why Blog About Puzzle Definition?

When one attributes a definition or characteristic to something specific, then moving forward when I refer to the term puzzles, you know that it's referring to the brain teaser type of puzzles that are "fun to solve, have one right answer and [they are not] a toy or game". This blog is connected to the ever expanding website Learn With Puzzles that share free, downloadable, printable puzzles to solve.

Let's look at some types of these brain teasers.

Logic Puzzles

One is hard pressed not to be challenged by these types of puzzles. Logic puzzles require the use of either/or both inductive and deductive reasoning skills. Sudoku like puzzles can take many forms.  Learn With Puzzles offers a variety of these brain teasers, each drawing upon both problem solving strategies and the use of logic to help solve the unique solution. 

One category of logic puzzles is a collection of Sudoku Puzzles.

brain teaser sudoku
Sudoku Puzzle Collection

This group of brain teasers includes 5 printable Sudoku puzzles per group of puzzles. They are labeled challenging.

Another form of brain teaser that uses the same basic rules as the Sudoku puzzle is called Alphadoku puzzles. These fun puzzles are created using a unique 9-letter word: 9 different letters to avoid duplication.

logic reasoning alphadoku puzzle
Alphadoku Puzzle #01

And, one of my absolute favorites is the fiendish Sudoku puzzles that include 5 basic grids, with 4 intersecting smaller 3x3 grids. They definitely longer to complete, and if one puzzle is wrong, then, you need to erase it and start again! 

extreme sudoku puzzles
Beginner Samurai Sudoku Puzzle

Because life is not always experienced at the two extremes, brain teasers also vary in their level of difficulty.  The category of -doku puzzles expands to include puzzle varieties such as Calcudoku and Division Sudoku puzzles.

brain teaser calcudoku puzzle
Calcudoku Puzzle

sudoku division brain teaser
Division Sudoku

Logic puzzles are fun to do, engage the brain, and require problem solving skills to arrive at "one right answer". However, other brain teaser puzzles are equally challenging and fun to solve.

Brain Teaser Puzzles

I suppose that most puzzles are considered brain teasers. Even I use these words interchangeably with the word, puzzles.  However, I use this category to include a plethora of other puzzle types, equally fun and exciting to solve. Everyone, including myself, has his/her own favorite. Some brain teasers are easier to complete than others. I have to admit that there are puzzles that I consciously avoid! And, I wonder if it is because I have yet to understand how to solve them. To look at those brain teasers causes me confusion.  So, nope! It's not happening, and I move on to the next puzzle.

Do you, or your kids, love to solve picture puzzles? These types of brain teasers can take many forms. From comparing two pictures for dissimilarities, to rebus puzzles and some mazes, the premise is the same. The puzzles involve pictures of one form or another.

Picture Puzzles - Mazes

Mazes are a great way to help young students work on their fine motor skills, visual acuity and problem solving skills.  As they look for and trace the path from the IN arrow to the OUT arrow (or picture), they need to: 
  1. make sure to draw the path without crossing over any lines (unless specified by the maze),  
  2. visually scan the puzzle to decide which path to take while 
  3. using problem solving strategies (guess and check/trial and error/looking ahead) to complete the activity.

maze puzzle for easter
Easter Maze

maze puzzle for st. patricks day
St. Patrick's Day Maze

Picture Puzzles - Rebus

This is an exciting new category of puzzles that is currently under development. Do you remember the rebus story about The Little Red Hen?  That was my first introduction to this form of puzzle. My interests grew to include puzzles that were a play on words involving a combination of words and pictures. Some people call these puzzles 'Wackie Wordies'.

Can you 'decode' these images? The first one is done for you. The second and third samples will give you an idea of the future.

wackie wordie reading between the lines
ANSWER: Reading Between The Lines

wackie wordie panic button

rebus wackie wordie - strong undertow

Next Steps

My next step is a next step for you, our readers!  

Challenge yourself to try: 
  1. a puzzle that is your favorite
  2. a puzzle that you are familiar with 
  3. a puzzle that is brand new to you
Let us know what you discovered.

Next planned blog post

How Many Puzzle Types Do You Know? 


Do you have a favorite puzzle that you like to solve?

Share your comments, below.


Monday, January 28, 2019

Are You Guilty of This?!


How many times have you waited until everything was perfect (or so you thought) before publishing your first blog post? Or, opening up an e-commerce store? Or, any other situation where you felt that things had to be perfect before you were ready to FIRE! and get 'er done?

I am as guilty as the next person EVEN though my philosophy is: READY. FIRE. AIM.   My belief is to get things ready [ready], then put things into place [fire], and then make the changes, advances, adaptations, deletions/additions [aim] as I acquire new knowledge, more expertise and awareness of what is expected.

I followed this philosophy [READY. FIRE. AIM.] when I created my website, but did not follow it when it came to my blog.

I continue to make changes [aim] to my website over time, adapting as I go.  Most of the changes I make to my site are the addition of free, downloadable, printable puzzles.  Others are required changes due to compliance, as evidenced by last year's (2018) GDPR expectation for website owners.

If that philosophy worked with my website, I decided to make it work for my blog!  And, here you have it!  I was ready, I fired, and's time to get the aim more aligned with how I see this blog evolving.

This is what the blog looks like before I hit the publish button:

learn with puzzles
Learning With Puzzles blog before the first post!

Not very pretty, I know. BUT, the point is I 'fired' after I got ready.

Did you know?

Did you know that airplanes are off course 99% of the time of their journey, between their point of origin and the final destination?  It's the small tweaking, or re-aligning back to the flight path, that lands them at the destination airport (all other things being equal, of course!). 

Next Steps

The evolution of this blog, Learning With Puzzles, will model the flight plan of an airplane (constant realigning to keep on course).  Now that this first blog post is nanoseconds away from being published, moving forward I can work on deciding colors, navigation, widgets, pictures, and the plethora of other things that are awaiting my attention! [AIM].

Next planned blog post 

What Is A Puzzle?


How do you approach the projects that you want to accomplish?  



Feel free to leave your comments, below.